Using Docker, Docker Compose, Angular-CLI 6+, Sass, and Pug (Jade)

Angular-CLI, Pug, and Sass in Docker

The purpose of this guide is to have a working Docker setup with Angular CLI while using Pug. I had some problems while getting the three of them to work together.
I’m going to assume you know a little bit of Docker (Although it’s not necessary) to keep it working.

Here’s the GitHub repo with the finalized code.

Some Notes:

  • This guide works for existing and new Angular-CLI applications.
  • You must have NodeJS 8+, Docker v18+ (Not necessarily, you can change the compose version to a lower number) already installed.
  • I’m currently using Windows 10 with Ubuntu installed. It’s important to note this because node-sass is going to give you problems when you try to run it with node_modules (Only happens with Windows)
  • The pug image was taken from user Mamugi1492 at RedBubble

Step #1 — Creating the new Angular Project

Skip this step, and go to #3 if you have an existing project that you want to Dockerize.

If you’re running Windows, and you will start fresh, skip to step #2. Others (Mac/Linux), do the following:

npm install -g @angular/cli
ng new angular-pug-sass-docker-app --style=scss

This will install the angular cli globally, and then create a new angular app with Sass. Change angular-pug-sass to your project’s name.

Step #2 — Windows Only

On Windows, if you create an app with the CLI, Node-Sass automatically sets itself up with said OS in mind. When you use Docker, you will run it via a Linux image. Once you mount the directory (so we can edit without rebuilding), it references the node_modules directory which has the node-sass installed with Windows.

You can either delete node_modules . Or, force rebuild node-sass. Unfortunately, I was not able to get it to work with any of these methods. That’s why I recommend you to follow option #1, and leave option #2 as an alternative.

Option #1 — Create the New Angular Project within Windows’s Linux distro (Recommended)

You will need to install Ubuntu on Windows 10 (Or any Linux version) You probably have it, since you must’ve installed Docker.

Open the Ubuntu Terminal and go to the directory you want to create the new app. In my case, I’m going to specify it in the desktop:

We do this by mounting the C drive (/mnt/c) and navigating to my desktop location C:UsersjjancpDesktop.

Combining both, we have:

cd /mnt/c/Users/jjancp/Desktop

Global install the cli:

sudo npm install -g @angular/cli

Create the new angular project:

ng new angular-pug-sass-docker-app --style=scss

Option #2- Create the New Angular Project within Windows and then use npm rebuild node-sass

This method didn’t work for me. In here, you install your modules directly from Windows, as any common project:

Globally installing the angular-cli in PowerShell or CMD:

npm install -g @angular/cli

Then, create the new Angular Project:

ng new angular-pug-sass-docker-app --style=scss

Step #3 — Add the ng-cli-pug-loader

Read this article from Mark Pieszak (Optional), about the ng-cli-pug-loader.

ng add ng-cli-pug-loader

This command will install all the packages from package.json and add a file called ng-add-pug-loader.js at the project’s root, it will add pug-loader, pug, and apply-loader to the devDependencies. Finally, it’s going to include a run command in the package.json’s postinstall .

What this does, as explained in the linked article above, is that it edits the Webpack Config file from Angular, and injects the Pug loader to it, without the need to eject the Angular app!.

Something important: We do this manually, without specifying a docker image because we will not need to run ng add again. I was personally having problems when I tried to automate with Docker the whole process.

Step #4 — [ERR_INVALID_CALLBACK]: Callback must be a function in ng-add-pug-loader.js

You may come up with this problem. I still don’t know what’s the cause of the problem. But changing all the fs methods to synchronous seem to fix the following error:

TypeError [ERR_INVALID_CALLBACK]: Callback must be a function
at maybeCallback (fs.js:133:9)
at Object.writeFile (fs.js:1139:14)
at fs.readFile (/usr/app/ng-add-pug-loader.js:20:6)
at FSReqWrap.readFileAfterClose [as oncomplete] (internal/fs/read_file_context.js:53:3)
error Command failed with exit code 1.

A quick and dirty solution is to edit the ng-add-pug-loader.js. So go and open the file:

  • Change Line 9 to fs.readFileSync
  • Line 20 to fs.writeFileSync
  • Line 21 to fs.closeSync

Here’s the file ( I created an issue in the repo):

* Adds the pug-loader inside Angular CLI's webpack config, if not there yet.
* @see
const fs = require('fs');
const commonCliConfig = 'node_modules/@angular-devkit/build-angular/src/angular-cli-files/models/webpack-configs/common.js';
const pugRule = '{ test: /.pug$/, use: [ { loader: "apply-loader" }, { loader: "pug-loader" } ] },';
fs.readFileSync(commonCliConfig, (err, data) => {
  if (err) { throw err; }
  const configText = data.toString();
  // make sure we don't add the rule if it already exists
if (configText.indexOf(pugRule) > -1) { return; }
// Insert the pug webpack rule
  const position = configText.indexOf('rules: [') + 8;
const output = [configText.slice(0, position), pugRule, configText.slice(position)].join('');
  const file = fs.openSync(commonCliConfig, 'r+');
  fs.writeFileSync(file, output);

Step #5 — The Dockerfile

# Installs the current application on a Node Image.
FROM node:10.5
# The qq is for silent output in the console
# You are welcome to modify this part as it
RUN apt-get update -qq && apt-get install -y build-essential libpq-dev vim
# Sets the path where the app is going to be installed
ENV NODE_ROOT /usr/app/
# Creates the directory and all the parents (if they don’t exist)
RUN mkdir -p $NODE_ROOT
# Sets the /usr/app as the active directory
# Copies all the content
COPY . .
# Install all the packages
RUN yarn install
RUN npm install -g @angular/cli
# Uncomment this if you went with Option #2 in Step #2 (Windows Only)
# RUN npm rebuild node-sass --force
# The default port from ng serve (4200)
# and 49153 for Webpack Hot Module Reload
EXPOSE 4200 49153

Create an extensionless file, called Dockerfile and add it to the project’s root. Copy the contents above. If you’re experienced with Docker, you may see that we’re copying the whole folder, and then running the install. We can opt to copy the ng-add-pug-loader, angular.json, and the package.json files and run yarn install. I found some problems (could be due to my setup) to get it working.

If you decided to go with Step #2 Option #2 (Windows only). It’s likely that you’re going to have node-sass issues. Try seeing if the rebuild works. I tried it, and it didn’t.

If you’re having problems with the image, go to the Appendix at the bottom.



Create a nameless file with extension .dockerignore and copy the contents above.

Step #6 — Create the docker-compose.yml file

Create a docker-compose.yml file in the root of the project, add the following:

version: ‘3.6’
build: .
command: “npm start”
- “4200:4200”
- "49153:49153"
- “4200”
- "49153"
- “./:/usr/app/”

The volumes key will map our current directory to the Docker image’s content. This way, we don’t need to reload the container to see the changes.

If you check the npm start from the docker-compose you’ll see that it’s going to run ng serve . We need to make a slight adjustment inside the package.json

Step #7 — Update the package.json

For it to be correctly exposed to the outside world, we need to go to the start script and modify it. In addition, we need to add a polling mechanism so Angular CLI can pick up the changes within the container:


“start”: “ng serve”,


“start”: “ng serve --host --poll=500”,

This command will let you navigate via http://localhost:4200

Example for the ng start script

The polling mechanism is measured in milliseconds. You can tune this to your preference.

Step #8— Change .html to .pug

Do not change the main index.html to .pug. The loader will not parse it.

Update app.component.html to app.component.pug Update its content:

| Welcome to {{ title }}!
img(width='300', alt='Angular Logo', src='data:image/svg+xml;base64,PHN2ZyB4bWxucz0iaHR0cDovL3d3dy53My5vcmcvMjAwMC9zdmciIHZpZXdCb3g9IjAgMCAyNTAgMjUwIj4KICAgIDxwYXRoIGZpbGw9IiNERDAwMzEiIGQ9Ik0xMjUgMzBMMzEuOSA2My4ybDE0LjIgMTIzLjFMMTI1IDIzMGw3OC45LTQzLjcgMTQuMi0xMjMuMXoiIC8+CiAgICA8cGF0aCBmaWxsPSIjQzMwMDJGIiBkPSJNMTI1IDMwdjIyLjItLjFWMjMwbDc4LjktNDMuNyAxNC4yLTEyMy4xTDEyNSAzMHoiIC8+CiAgICA8cGF0aCAgZmlsbD0iI0ZGRkZGRiIgZD0iTTEyNSA1Mi4xTDY2LjggMTgyLjZoMjEuN2wxMS43LTI5LjJoNDkuNGwxMS43IDI5LjJIMTgzTDEyNSA1Mi4xem0xNyA4My4zaC0zNGwxNy00MC45IDE3IDQwLjl6IiAvPgogIDwvc3ZnPg==')
h2 Here are some links to help you start:
a(target='_blank', rel='noopener', href='') Tour of Heroes
a(target='_blank', rel='noopener', href='') CLI Documentation
a(target='_blank', rel='noopener', href='') Angular blog

Update app.component.ts


templateUrl: ‘./app.component.html’,


templateUrl: ‘./app.component.pug’,

This is how it will look:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
selector: 'app-root',
templateUrl: './app.component.pug',
styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss']
export class AppComponent {
title = 'app';

Step #9 — Run the app

Navigate to the folder’s project and run:

docker-compose up

All set ??????????

Appendix A

If you’re running Windows and had an existing Angular app with the CLI and you’re having issues while Dockerizing the app, the solution is going to be to use Option #1 in Step #2.

  1. Remove the node_modules folder.
  2. Install Ubuntu on Windows 10, or Vagrant on Windows 7/8.x
  3. Open the Ubuntu Command, and map it to your installation. In the case of Ubuntu on Windows 10, do it like this:
cd /mnt/c/Users/MyUser/Path/To/Angular-Project

4. In Ubuntu: Install NodeJS.

5. Perform a yarn install or npm install

Appendix B — Security Vulnerability (As of this writing — June 27, 2018) in one of the dependencies.

There seems to be an old dependency that the angular-cli uses (And NodeSass) that GitHub is alerting of a security vulnerability. Investigating further the issue, it seems that is an old Hoek version from Hapi. We do not have control of this, as it gets pulled automatically from the dependencies.

These seem to be the issues that address these problems:

Using Docker, Docker Compose, Angular-CLI 6+, Sass, and Pug (Jade) was originally published in Hacker Noon on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.